Samurai originally meant "people who serve" and
were the servants of government officials
who were dispatached from the capital
to rural communities during the Heian period.
They later became warriors who specailzed
in martial arts and went on
to become influential in politics.
"Bushido" is the code of moral principles
which the warriors (bushi) class were required
or instructed to observe.
According to Inazo Nitobe, virtues of Bushido
include "Rectitude," "Courage," "Benevolence,"
"Politeness," "Veracity," "Honor," and "Loyalty."
And he also wrote, Bushido spirit,
without any sign of diminishment,
was still live and well in Japan
and would continue to remain a strong part of
Japanese society for many years to come!!